Energy Ltd. News #109
covering February 2017 (posted March 3rd 2017)
by Craig Carmichael
Month In Brief
- Improved Piggott Alternators - Solar Panels & Grid Tie Inverters
on AliExpress.com - Turquoise Energy Motor Controllers? - Unipolar
Motors and Controller - Chevy Sprint & "Ultra Efficient EV
Conversion" Project - A Reader Reports on batteries in real life use:
Lead-Acid battery life
extension, NiMH D cells, Li-MnO4, Lead-Acid off-grid - Nickel Air Cells
- Wind Turbine Ships & Boat.
(Miscellaneous topics, editorial comments & opinionated rants)
- Advanced Fast Catamaran Ferry - Make a small catamaran? - Arctic
Warming - Easter Island: "the old story" of a Civilization Grown Too
Large - Quarkcoin Cryptocurrency - Small attempts at humor
- In Depth
Project Reports (NONE this month) -
Transport - Electric Hubcap Motor Systems (no reports)
Electric Equipment Projects (no reports)
Electricity Generation (no reports)
Electricity Storage - Turquoise Battery
Project (NiMn, NiNi, O2-Ni), etc. (see month in brief)
February in Brief
The pause in projects continues as I continue to prepare and to pack
for the move to Haida Gwaii. There are no 'detailed project reports'
this month. However, I continue to think about things
and to look up info on line. Somehow catamarans became something of a
- I saw a video of a very fast catamaran ferry that could cut
travel time to and from Haida Gwaii and handle
as much traffic as the present two ferry vessels together. I
recommended it to the member of the BC
legislautre for the north coast. But it sounds like
nothing is likely to be done.
- Small two-hull designs for mounting floating water flow
- The idea of making my own catamaran (20'? PP-epoxy/foam
sandwich?) with an advanced hull shape for
generator vessels... and for fishing... and maybe to cross the strait
if the ferry isn't running.
Some funding for some of the many projects would be great,
and I'm starting to think of contacting with contacts for that purpose.
There may be some local funding as well.
Detailed plans for moving to Haida Gwaii continue to
unfold as dates get closer. It would be good to send a vehicle on up
ahead so I'll have one when I arrive, probably in advance of the barge
carrying most of my stuff. The
Dodge Caravan has had a trailer hitch put on and I have fitted a tow
bar to the Chevy Sprint. I had
to put the Dodge Caravan, towing the Sprint, on an
earlier barge and have them hold it for me in Masset, but now a friend
has offered to drive a vehicle up via Prince Rupert for me if I pay for
which would give him a small and unique vacation with his young son
that he couldn't otherwise afford, and perhaps cost me little or no
more, since there's a discount on ferry fares this month. Well, the
Caravan is the vehicle for that, and he'll just have to drag the Sprint
Improved Piggott Alternators
Looking up info on line led me to
generators/alternators on aliexpress.com . Some comparisons between the
"Improved Piggott Alternators" I've started building (using the specs I
estimated in November & December, TE News #107, #108) and some
models might be illustrative. All
these have permanent supermagnets
and all claim very low start-up torque. I figured the "coreless" unit
is most like the Piggott since the shape is similar and neither has an
iron core. The price puts it in a
league of its own.
(coreless, 1 stator/2 rotors)
(coreless, 2 stators/3 rotors)
"Coreless" 5KW, 1KW, 5KW commercial low RPM
Admittedly the others
compared are very low RPM,
especially made for wind power, while I went for 1000 RPM. Higher RPM
shrinks the unit for the same power. My reasoning is that a flat or
poly-V belt drive can provide any desired generator RPM from any source
RPM with very low losses and little noise. Of course, two shafts then
need to turn, where a windplant propeller might be
mounted directly on the generator shaft. That's really the common case
where a low RPM alternator matching the propeller speed is valuable.
For moving water power as I've planned it in recent issues, a belt has
to come out of the water from the submerged shaft to the generator
anyway, and any ratio pulleys can be used.
Have I even gone far enough? - 1500 or 2000 RPM should be
safe enough with the 12" rotors, and everything could be substantially
smaller yet, reducing copper, magnet and every other mass to attain a
given power. Perhaps what I'm really illustrating is that smaller,
lighter machines are attained by making them higher RPM.
In fact, simply running them at 2000 RPM instead of 1000
might work out nicely. Theoretically, 4 KW would turn into 16 KW. That
would surely overheat, but perhaps it could be 8 KW. The 24 volts would
become 48 volts - which is apparently better for grid tie inverters.
2 and 4 KW Piggott generators might be marketable in
Canada if they can be sold for 1000 $/KW or less. This might be
achieved. At 2000 RPM, and 4 and 8 KW for the same machines, half that
price should be possible. Another possibility then would be to make
smaller ones, perhaps with 10" rotors or smaller at up to 3000 RPM, for
Or they might be better sold simply as components of high
performance floating hydro power plants, Tesla turbine wind plants, and
ocean wave power units.
Solar Panels & Grid Tie Inverters on AliExpress.com
In looking for
solar PV cells on AliExpress.com for the
"pebbled" solar panel glazing project, I also
ran across 100 W panels (18 V intended for charging 12 V batteries) for
~142 $C ("35% off"), "free shipping". They were a little smaller than
others of that
rating, and I
ordered 5 for the roof of the Miles electric truck. I may never need to
plug it in in the summer if it's sunny! They arrived in about 12 days,
and seemed so nice I ordered another 6. With a roofrack, 3 would fit on
the Sprint roof to charge should the project ever be completed. The
other 3 I could probably sell up north complete with charge controllers
facilitate that, I looked for a typical 10 amp lead-acid battery charge
controller, and found some for ~15 $C at a store called "Yoosmart"
which also seemed to be called "BigStoreHK".
On the left was shown other categories of electronic
products at the store, all intended for solar and wind power. That led
to also ordering a 1000 Watt, 120 volt, grid tie inverter (~141 $C) for
solar panels. I actually have more panels than that will
utilize in full sunshine, to put on the roof once I'm in Haida Gwaii.
There was also a grid tie
inverter intended for wind power which
took 3 phase AC input. It had a programmed "Dump Load" output as well,
to give the windplant more drag to hold it back in higher winds. A 600
watt one was
around 350 $C, and 2000 W for around 500 $C. This struck me as being a
simple way also to connect a Piggott alternator to the grid for hydro,
tidal flow, or wave power as well as wind power. Apparently they can be
paralleled if they won't handle all the power from the generator. That
might be practical for 4 to 8KW or so. (I didn't order one at this
time. But if they can handle the power, they'd be ideal at least for
small pilot installations.)
So it would seem that some or most of the ancillary
electronics equipment I thought might be useful for alternative energy
is already available at
reasonable prices - if you order it direct from China. (OTOH, I just
bought a new
violin case. It was both the cheapest
and the sturdiest looking case in
the store... and it was made in Canada.)
Turquoise Energy Motor Controllers?
My motor controllers have not been particularly
successful. The only one presently working is the one I use to run the
electric outboard, operating the smaller Caik motor at 24 volts (and up
to about 60 DC amps) instead
of the Hubcap motor at 36. In repairing the Kelly controller I can't
help but think, well... it has 4 transistors per leg and mine only have
2. Obviously it can handle more current. And recirculating AC currents
in the windings are often higher than the DC current from the battery,
so it isn't an obvious conclusion that (say) 80 amps DC doesn't make
for more average AC coil current than 2 transistors can handle. In
particular utilization is low in reluctance motors.
Perhaps a good experiment would be to repair a controller
and put 3 transistors in each leg instead of 2 and see if it works
better at 36 volts and higher currents than before, or if it still
blows at about the same point. Maybe all I need to make my controllers
more reliable is more power transistors? OTOH, the controllers tend to
blow below 60 amps at 36 volts, but that same current seems okay at 24
volts, suggesting other factors.
Unipolar Motors and Controller
When I tried out both the unipolar Electic Caik motor and the ARM
reluctance motor, they didn't seem to have much "oomf". I was quite
disappointed as well as perplexed. Measurements on the ARM motor showed
that nearly all the current was being recycled (heating up the recirc
diodes) rather than being consumed by the motor to make torque. Since
this applied to both motors, I can't help but think that the motor
controller was probably most of the problem.
Another thought is that since I discovered it was best to
use power mosfet body diodes as the recirc diodes, my unpolar
reluctance motor controller using half as many mosfets in 3 legs simply
didn't save any parts, only a couple of wires to the motor. And making
the mosfets into 'active' diodes opened the possibility of
shoot-through currents, which I really wanted to avoid. So I might as
well go to the 'traditional' reluctance motor controller configuration
with 6 mosfet
legs, which is safer. In a typical reluctance motor controller with 6
wires to the motor coils, the currents always have to go through the
coil and shoot-throughs aren't possible.
This equally applies to the "permanent magnet assisted"
reluctance motor with its promise of almost magically improved
performance. (Hmm, I saw a quote recently... Arthur C Clarke?...
something like "The more advanced the technology, the harder it is to
distinguish it from magic.")
If the [permanent magnet assisted] ARM motor can be improved to
the sort of performance levels it ought to have, it would be well worth
the project to the electric outboard and vehicle running stages.
Chevy Sprint & "Ultra Efficient EV Conversion" Project
I gave thought as to whether or not I wanted to pack and
keep the manual Sprint transmission I bought. It was in pieces and I
hacked up the one shaft because it had a spline that fit the
differential where the drive shafts normally go. It still had its own
differential and the motor input shaft. It was still potentially a good
transfer case if fitted with chain sprockets on both shafts. It had a
lot of holes for now superfluous things, but by filling them it could
still potentially be sealed so the chain could run in oil.
The differential's input gear would have to be replaced by
a chain sprocket. There wasn't a lot of room, and I decided that a #40
chain with 40 teeth was about the biggest that would fit. I had found
the 36 tooth one seemed to jam in my experiments, but I think that was
mainly because things didn't exactly line up. And maybe because I
hadn't oiled it? By using the precision oil-holding housing and shafts
of the transmission unit, the alignment should be perfect. (Now, where
could I find a splined socket shaft to
fit the transmission input shaft? The only one was in the original
hydraulic torque converter.)
The whole transmission/transfer case could probably
replace the case I had made out of plate steel, probably with a new
plate to mount the motor and the other drive of the differential
variable transmission, the variable belt drive. If the input shaft had
an 8 tooth sprocket to turn the 40 tooth one, that would be a 5 to 1
reduction. That would permit the variable belt pulley to run pretty
high RPM with reduced torque. The smallest I could find was a 12 tooth
3.33:1, or about 3 to 1 again. That would have to do!
Another idea that has occurred to me would be to abandon
the differential variable transmission, not because it's not a great
idea but simply because it's a big project for one person who has a
number of other projects on the go, and there are other options for the
First option: It looks like even the ultra-efficient car will need two
Electric Hubcap type motors for basic decent performance on the road.
(They could be a double unit with one shaft.) The car starts moving
at 10:1 with one motor, so theoretically a fixed 5:1 chain reduction
(if a 9 tooth sprocket can be had) would allow start-up torque and
allow 55-60 KmPH travel. That might be
okay in town, but soon it won't really satisfy my needs since my
driveway will end at a
Second option: use the 3.3:1 chain drive, but also gain a 2:1 variation
using a single variable belt pulley with a fixed pulley, allowing (eg,
again with 2 motors) from 7:1 to 3.5:1,
for better start-up and around 70-80 KmPH. Or 6:1 to 3:1 to ensure top
speed over 80. That would be a somewhat simpler
project than the differential type, but of course the 2:1 range of
variation is quite limited.
Third Option: Get a good reluctance motor working (preferably with
permanent magnet assist), and attach it
with a further reduction gear (plastic gears? Poly-V belt?) so the
total reduction is around 10:1 allowing good start-up torque, and with
the super high speed a reluctance motor's steel rotor can safely go,
highway speeds would be efficient.
This would of course advance the improved motor projects,
or perhaps would imply they had already been advanced to a practical
stage before finishing the Sprint.
Finally we turn to batteries, the perennial bugaboo of electric
transport and off-grid electrical storage...
Reader Batteries Report: Lead-acid, NiMH, Li MnO2
A reader says he has been using lead-acid batteries
extensively in his commercial lawn service, and has accumulated some
good statistics. He says:
"Curious, that I have experimented with the
addition of sodium sulphate
to sulphuric acid electrolyte. My results from 80% DOD cycles for 6V GC
[golf cart] and 12V deep cycle batteries
(2 bat packs used in electric
mowers) were about 30% increase in cycle life."
That's less than I had been hearing, but certainly
valuable nonetheless. And 80% discharged is more than the 60% DOD
usually recommended. He hasn't had very good results with NiMH D cells
either, considering their price.
"NiMh (D cells) just haven't worked out either.
I've never even gotten 500 cycles and the cost is $650 - 700 KWH of
storage. Too many bad cells. What an aggravation."
This is somewhat surprising, but only mildly so. Mine
usually have gone bad after being overcharged, so possibly it's related
to charging. Except for a few specific problems, they seemed to have
been doing okay in the RX7-EV, but they went downhill as a gas car
starter battery and had to be replaced after 5 years, so perhaps I've
been overestimating their longevity. Like lead-acid, it seems to be a
battery that deteriorates if not kept strictly within expected
operating and charging conditions. The big flooded NiMH cells that have
been suppressed by
Chevron (perhaps on orders of the Rockefellers?) should last longer
than dry cells.
He is currently trying out lithium - manganese oxide:
"My testing this year is Li Mn2 O4 (Think Chevy
Volt and Bolt). Very promising on cycle life; but unsure of actual time
longevity. "Experts" claim that BMS must be used. Ce/heat equalization
problems. I'm trying to work out the best cycle to use to avoid all
these problems without having to use the expensive BMS (1/2 the cost of
the battery). Anyhow, the pricing/cycle life is much better than
other Li ion technologies. My test bed is a 48V Hustler Zeon 42" zero
" This year, I'm replacing [lead-acids]
with (3) 50 AH 48V Li Mn2 O4s in parallel = 48V @ 150AH weighing 120
lb.. I'm hoping for years of 2 hr run times. Cost $2550 vs $1000 for
the LAs. I'll keep you abreast, if you are interested."
Until and unless we have low cost, lightweight batteries
that last a lifetime without aggravating issues, we're all interested!
He also says he lives "off grid" and comments on batteries
for that purpose:
"I have customers (besides myself) who have
gotten over 30 yrs out of industrial 2V FLA cells and 1.2V NiFe
(Edison) cells WITHOUT electronic control. I match PV charging voltage
to particular cell cycling parameters. To make it work requires much
more battery storage than normally recommended (More upfront cost) but
vastly increased life and better over all cost."
Nickel Air Cells
I didn't start anything new, but I did at long last pull
the graphite felt and fiber/cloth out of the full strength bleach in
which they had been sitting for several months. The idea of bleaching
them was to oxidize the surface to graphite oxide, and thereby
hopefully prevent the graphite from causing self discharge. I believe
that has been the only real problem with every chemistry I've tried
that otherwise worked. In particular I think it was the main or only
problem with the last-tried 2-1/2 volt nickel manganate / manganese
The graphite itself looked much the same and hadn't
disintegrated. The graphite felt seemed fine. The cloth was badly
coming apart all around the edges, even to an inch in or more with
loose fibers floating everywhere. Since I never inspected it, I don't
know if that happened gradually or immediately, or if it happened when
the bucket was moved.
But the liquid looked pretty much like fairly strong tea,
indicating that some reaction had taken place - or at least that
something had leached out of the fiber. When I get set up again, I'll
try the felt and the cloth in new cells.
Wind Turbine Ships & Boat
a 2011 documentary I saw about geoengineering (URL below in In
was a bit of a sideline about wind powered boats that have some
sort of vertical axis wind turbine instead of a sail. Apparently the
first ship with two spinning towers was made by one Fletcher(?) in
in 1925, which proved the concept. Here is a small catamaran version,
also from Germany. It seems to move along at a good clip when there's
The details weren't well explained, but somehow it works
by a creating low pressure area on one side of the
spinning cylinder. The boat is drawn toward that, and pushed by higher
pressure opposite. It seemed from
something said that it wouldn't go straight upwind. Unless the cylinder
is much more efficient than I (without having looked into it) would
give it credit
for, if I was doing it, I would prefer to make some more conventional
windplant - perhaps a Savonius or Darius turbine VAWT, or the Tesla
turbine windplant - and power an electrical propulsion system with it.
One could steer and travel in any direction without stalling, and store
power in batteries for windless conditions. Another
possibility would be to mechanically link the turbine
to a propeller shaft.
(Miscellaneous topics, editorial comments & opinionated rants)
Advanced Fast Catamaran Ferry
on a "Mega Machines" youtube video about "The Fastest Ferry
in North America" (up to 90 KmPH/55 MPH), I started considering such
fast catamaran ferries, perhaps powered by BC natural gas, for Haida
Gwaii, which is presently quite isolated owing to long travel times for
ferries and costly small plane flights. The 91 meter advanced Cat, made
in Tasmania, Australia, would greatly improve travel times on the long
ferry routes. Building a boat to handle 3 meter tall waves
without people staggering about, or even in this ferry's case not even
food and drinks slide off a table or spill while traveling at 75 KmPH
through those waves (while carrying 200 vehicles), it has to be Far
larger than anything I could attempt to build. So I recommended that
the BC government buy one for BC Ferries. But from the reply it didn't
sound like anything was going to happen.
Also attaining the speed requires more energy than can be
batteries. It might perhaps be a good case for engines or turbines
burning hydrogen and having water for exhaust. (Or as I suggested,
natural gas fuel might appeal to the government, as a LNG pipeline is
to terminate at the sea in the operating area.)
|Present ferry Travel Time, vehicles carried
|Advanced Catamaran Ferry
|Prince Rupert <---> Skidegate (Haida Gwaii)
|7 hours, around 100 vehicles
|2-1/3 hours, around 200 vehicles
|Port Hardy (Vancouver Island) <---> Prince
|18 hours, ~100
|8 hours, ~200
It can be seen that by travelling twice as fast (and more)
and carrying twice as many cars as the present ferries, one 91 meter
(300 foot) advanced catamaran ferry could carry twice as much traffic
as both the present 400 foot vessels.
New potential fast ferry routes
that would help link BC's major population centers to the north coast
to open it up,
could be: Horseshoe Bay (West Vancouver) to Port Hardy, 5-1/2 hours;
Port Hardy to Skidegate, 7 to 8-1/2 hours depending on the route (which
would in turn depend on weather and sea conditions). Running these
routes depends on having enough traffic to warrant it. But Vancouver
Island was opened up by good ferry service that may not have seemed
justified until after it was introduced.
Make a Small Catamaran?
I keep thinking of designing and building a small
catamaran myself with foam and polystyrene-epoxy construction, mainly
for use in deploying tidal flow and ocean wave power units, and maybe
for fishing. I made a sort of similar boat with fiberglass-epoxy long
ago. I once thought I knew what the best design for catamaran
sailing hulls was - long, thin displacement hulls like everyone used
before about 1990. In the early 1980s I had an 18' Unicorn class
sailing catamaran that I
thought was ideal. Then there was a picture in a magazine (~1990?) of a
12' sailing catamaran that planed over the water like a motorboat and
went faster than my 18'. Then there was the fast cat ferry, said to
plane but with its hulls clearly cutting through the water at the
front. What was the shape of its hulls and how did it really work,
apart form its brute horsepower? And it had elevators and a
special rudder to keep it level and straight at high speeds and in high
seas. Then there was a smaller catamaran ferry, that looked like it
would handle any sea by virtue of diving right through the worst waves
and shedding them over the sides and even the roof without taking on
any water. Then
there were catamarans with submerged hulls, like two long, thin
submarines, which rode smoothly and were capable of high speeds.
(probably with less power than a "planing hulls" design.) The submerged
hulls sit in deeper, calmer water, and only narrow vertical sections
cross the surface where the most turbulence is.
Then to power it there's the various wind turbine ideas,
perhaps coupled to my Electric Caik outboard motor to drive the boat.
But I have conflicting design goals. Ideally, I want a
minimalist craft, with lightweight polypropylene-epoxy on foam sandwich
construction, where a person could easily drag a thin cartopped 20 foot
hull down the beach to the water, then the other, then the center
section and finally all the attachments, assemble it, and be ready to
sail. But unless it's really minimalist, this is likely to be
impractical. And 20' would definitely be the longest for cartop. It
would have to
use the one Electric Caik outboard motor and couldn't hold very much in
the way of battery storage. Even a stable dinghy should be enough to
up a catamaran water-flow power generating unit that is itself
floating, so that would be fine for that! But is it something I'd want
to venture out into Hecate Strait fishing on? Or in a pinch, sail to
the mainland? What are my actual goals for this boat?
The next step up would be to have a trailerable boat, all
assembled and ready to go. In that case I'd like to have one Electric
Caik motor in each hull. To be trailerable while asembled, the maximum
width would be maybe 8 or 9 feet, and the length maybe 25 feet. (I
should probably look into trailer towing regulations.) I really don't
want a boat I have to leave in the water to grow barnacles.
Another perhaps incompatible wish is that it give a
relatively smooth ride in waves up to a meter tall or more. This would
probably be with the 'submerged hulls' type of design, and also would
require that the lower part of the body be at least a meter above them.
In that case, the hulls with their protruding walls up to the main deck
start to look not only long, but tall, that is to say, quite
substantial and not very 'minimalist'.
A final thought before I close this off is that instead of
'elevators' at the back, it could have a flap/float hinged out to the
front of each hull which would generate power in waves. These would be
lightweight and only generate power on
the up swing. Thus the power would be made and the bows would start to
rise before a wave reached the hulls in front, helping to stabilize the
craft so that it wouldn't rock back and forth as much, again making for
a smoother ride in choppy waves. Well, that would be a pretty ambitious
project in itself! And it gives rise to further bizarre thoughts about
a hinged craft whose 2 or 3 hull sections could each follow and ride
the waves somewhat independently, making it hopefully virtually
flip over under any circumstances.
I think I have a lot of thinking to do before I try to
build a boat that attempts to meet my vaguely anticipated needs, much
less as an advance to anything in the state of any particular art of
I've said much of this before, but maybe this larger
presentation will make a
more coherent overall explanation of how disrupted wind patterns are
rapidly changing the climate.
Idealized "equinox" normal wind circulation
patterns of the Earth
The sun heats the air most in the tropics, and the warm air rises.
Cooler air from higher tropical latitudes to around 30° north and
is drawn in at the
surface to replace it. The warm air blows away from
the equator at high altitudes and cools.
These effects create the Hadley Cell
vertical circulation pattern that defines the tropics.
Air cools and sinks around the poles, drawing
in air from lower arctic latitudes at high altitudes.
The cold air flows at surface levels to replace it, defining the Polar
Cell vertical circulations.
The weak Ferrel Cells defining the temperate zone from 30° to
60° are mainly driven
two and are quite variable and dependent on the jet streams.
The rotation of the Earth twists these circulations into the easterly
tropical trade winds,
the temperate westerlies and the polar easterlies at
ground level, with the
streams at high altitudes marking the high and low pressure zone
boundaries of the cells.
Various factors, especially the changing seasons, clouds and topography
mountains and oceans) cause these patterns to ebb and flow widely.
Even as global temperatures rise overall and summers break
all heat records, people in various temperate regions have been having
exceptionally cold winters. This experience understandably leads many
to doubt the entire "global warming" phenomenon. But in the arctic it's
a different story. Permafrost is melting. Trapped methane is being
released from beneath it on land and in the sea at an alarming rate,
and this powerful greenhouse gas is further warming the arctic and the
world. Glaciers are melting, and global ocean levels are rising
measurably as they
do. Grass is growing in the far north where it never grew before. I
note that since I'm moving to Haida Gwaii and have been watching the
temperatures for a couple of months, it has been typically a degree or
two warmer there this winter than in Victoria, 5 degrees (of latitude)
farther south and usually Canada's warmest place. (This finally
reversed later in February.) On February 9th,
theweathernetwork.com had an article saying that the north pole had a
couple of times been up to 30°C (54°F) warmer than
usual this winter. That is to say it hit around 0°C instead of
staying around -30. And the pole now "normally" averages 4-5°C
warmer than normal in winter.
A look at winds in the article and on nullschool.NET
(animated global weather maps)
that warmer winds from the Atlantic gulf stream area were blowing up
over eastern Greenland (hastening or causing the rapid melting of that
continent's glaciers) and the western Atlantic, and up over the pole.
Displaced cold air from the Arctic was being blown southward down the
Pacific, where the coast has been having unseasonably cold weather.
Another arctic stream headed down around Bear Island into Russia where
Moscow was also having its coldest winter since the 19th century. (It
even snowed in Saudi Arabia.) Thus we see that the
normally very cold winters at the north pole, and to a lesser extent
the south pole, are being dispersed into temperate regions.
Changes in the vertical temperature gradients in the
atmosphere have disrupted the normal cell flows: the upper atmosphere
is warmer. The jet streams have become chaotic and the common winter
polar vortexes in the polar cells, that separate the arctic and
antarctic frigid zones from the temperate zones, are giving way to
haphazard cross latitude winds. And being warmer, the upper atmosphere
moisture. As glaciers generally melt in the arctic and antarctic, new
ones have been forming at higher elevations at any latitude owing to
precipitation from moister air high up. All this is why I have been
calling it "Arctic Warming" instead of "Global Warming".
Unless the polar icecaps mostly melt away, it's unlikely
we'll have another serious ice age, just these isolated mountain
we will also probably not have another major continental ice age
because we don't have any sort of highly elevated large region of land
that inaugurated the original ice ages, such as apparently occurred in
northern North America a couple of
million years ago.
What has happened? Surely we've been pumping enough
greenhouse gasses into the air for long enough to cause some global
temperature rise - there's 1/3 more CO2 in the air now than in
pre-industrial times. But it goes beyond the most dire predictions of
the 1990s. That seems to leave
some very strong change or changes in natural weather forces, or else
geoengineering, as possible explanations.
Changes in natural forces are
normal and there are cycles that aren't well understood. For example,
recently it has been found that the Sahara desert apparently becomes a
lush green region for part of every 22000 years in accordance with a
cyclical wobble in the tilt of the Earth's axis. When the wobble is
right, winds from the Indian ocean shift to the north and bring
monsoons into the Sahara region. The rains there ended rather sharply
around 6700 years ago but should return in several thousand more years.
While changes in natural motive forces behind the usual
vertical wind patterns around the world might be a partial explanation,
the disruptions seem too severe and the changes too rapid to believe
main or whole answer. The rapidly spreading and now virtually global
"secret" geoengineering "global dimming" program, attempts to reduce
insolation to the
surface of the
Earth of the last decade or so, presumably attempting to keep it from
warming, seem to be a more likely explanation. According to Dane
Wiggington (mentioned below), the program was actually started just
war two on a small scale, and for a time it appeared to be a success.
When warming started happening anyway (in the 1970s?), they "doubled
down" and increased the size of the program, and then did so again in
the 1990s, and apparently again since then. Those behind this now mind
bogglingly huge undercover program seem to have a fixed idea that
having sun rays reflect off bright particles sprayed into the
atmosphere will reduce sunlight striking the Earth, thereby
counteracting the effects of global warming. The first part of this is
correct: many days that would be bright and sunny have a milky or
over the sky or large parts of it, which starts as "contrails" that
appear or very gradually appear behind
jets. Sunlight reaching the ground has been said to be globally reduced
by 20 to 30%. They spread and spread instead of dissipating. A common
"spreading to one side" pattern shows that some particles are
larger than others and so they descend through the sky at different
Since the winds at different altitudes vary, the particles dropping
faster move across the sky at a different rate than those staying aloft
higher, so the lines often seem to be "smeared" across the sky. This
well known to greatly reduce the effectiveness of solar panels. But the
theory about that cooling the Earth like volcanic dust does and
reducing the effects of global warming is flawed.
Dark volcanic dust in the stratosphere absorbs sunlight,
heating the upper air and reducing convection to the ground. At night
it absorbs infra-red from the ground. The stratosphere warms day and
night while the ground cools. And as the dust settles, the effects
diminish and stop, usually within weeks, or months for very large
eruptions. On the other hand, bright "Chem spray" is said to be derived
from waste coal ash, and
evidently it contains a lot of bright aluminum oxide. It seems to
reflect infra-red rays as well as it does visible light. So at night it
reflects heat back to the ground, reducing radiant cooling into space
at night like an overcast sky does. All the actual water vapor in
the jet exhaust in the heavy and almost continual air traffic
contributes to it too as 'regular' water vapor overcast. And now it
appears microcrystals of salt - sodium chloride or perhaps barium
sulfate - are probably being sprayed as well or instead. These salts
attract water, which condenses around them to form still more clouds.
This action would seem even more unsound, as water vapor is known to be
a more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide.
So the program
appears to have the opposite effect to the one desired: it keeps the
Earth, and the sky above it, warmer. The vertically more even
temperatures would reduce convection in the atmosphere, weakening
the normal north-south vertical circulation patterns. Those normal
plus coriolis forces of the turning Earth cause the 'prevailing winds'
and the jetstreams that separate the torrid, temperate and frigid
zones, and as we see these have become quite disrupted.
Also the warmer upper air prevents rain from condensing,
so the upper atmosphere has become much more moist. Thus normal lighter
rainfall patterns of the temperate regions are now often replaced by
severe droughts and the sudden "rivers from the sky" or perhaps they
might be described as "monsoon" deluges causing the "once in a thousand
years" floods that have been making the news so frequently they're now
going unreported except locally where they happen.
The 13th was a holiday and the morning in Victoria BC was
quiet. Perhaps the winds were also just right. As I wrote some of the
could clearly hear the
low rumble of each heavy jet as it roared off the runway at Whidby
Island air force base many miles away, one every few minutes. People at
the east end of
town have been complaining about the ongoing noise. There aren't 2%
scheduled transport flights around here. And they obviously aren't
small 'carrier fighter jets practicing touch and goes' as has been
but are quite visible flying overhead as the largest and heaviest of
military jet aircraft -- on what
mission but spraying the sky?, which was as has become usual here from
2015 on, half covered by lines and thin patches of high altitude
drifting 'haze' on an otherwise sunny day. A clear blue sky all day
quite suddenly became a rarity here from about spring 2015 on. Like
Dane Wiggington, I noticed the effect because my solar panels became
ineffective. I couldn't charge the Mazda RX7-EV from them any more,
because the low voltage alarm would go off repeatedly within a half
hour whenever I tried. Each time I noted that a thin haze had drifted
in front of the sun.
In a 1/2 hour youtube interview on USA Watchdog
dated February 18th 2017, Dane Wiggington (GeoengineeringWatch.org)
spoke of Planet Facing Converging Calamities Because of Chemtrails.
the mass die-offs of sea life being
reported daily around the planet, and the ionospheric heating by
microwaves, and said it has been ongoing since 1946. It seemed to be
working at first. Then when there were warm years, more than once they
doubled down and doubled the size of the program until it is the global
monster it is today. He mentioned sea level rise and salt water
invading aquifers, collapse of major ocean fisheries (like the whole
Bay of Bengal), and species going extinct, and claims that if it isn't
stopped within the next ten years, the planet will go into a runaway
positive feedback loop and rather quickly lose
its ability to support life. He says that without downplaying all the
environmental harm that's been done by various human activites, the
geoengineering has the most potential for causing global genocide of
anything except a nuclear war. He also doesn't think it can be kept
hidden much longer, that the general public must soon become aware of
it. But climate scientists have been muzzled on pain of being fired or
perhaps worse, and the media as usual lies by omission. An elephant in
the newsroom? Which one?!?
How little thought has gone
and is going into the theory behind such a monsterous program of
environmental and biological calamity? There are predictions of a
coming time of terrible natural disasters going back as far as the
Bible. None of them mentioned we would be causing those disasters
Here is a National Geographic documentary from 2011 about various means
for trying to influence Earth's climate, which I found on the 25th,
recently posted on youtube:
Among other potential weather altering ideas, two types of aerial
spraying, of salts and of sulfates, are described. Ideally it would be
done at 100,000 feet, but current planes are limited to under half that
What it didn't suggest was that such large scale meddling in our
climate was already taking place, and to an extent the interviewee made
no suggestion it might be thought 'necessary' by those doing it. The
narrator concludes with a "Reality Check" about each of the techniques,
"One thing I've learned is that no technique I've seen is without its
price." In a prescient sentence he asks if preventing ocean level rise
by spraying will come at a cost of droughts and floods in some areas -
just such phenomena as we see.
The concept of spraying salt or unusual salts is
illuminating. Salts are mostly hydrophyllic, and the spraying of
salt is intended to cause water molecules to condense on them and form
This may explain something I've been seeing: individual big jets flying
apparently doing nothing, leaving no trails, and yet the sky is full of
spreading, linear trails. Of course the salt isn't visible, but the
effect becomes visible later as the salt attracts water molecules and
turns into clouds.
Some images from
'Chemtrails' aerosol spraying - Satellite view
of geoengineering off California coast (NASA), where several years
of extreme drought threatened to turn this entire fertile but always
state into a desert wasteland.
Public concern about Geoengineering
Easter Island: "the old story" of a Civilization Grown Too Large
I watched a documentary about Easter Island. Whatever or
wherever the origin of its Polynesian people, they evidently made a
considerable civilization. But when the Dutch found the 62 square mile
island in the 1700s, there was only a small population of rather
primitive people, who knew little of the civilization that had preceded
them. As the murky story unfolded, it seemed it was a prototypical one
of a civilization: It flourished, and the population grew beyond a
level that could be supported, and there was a disastrous collapse. On
such a small island, the collapse involved the felling of every palm
tree and the wiping out of all the local bird populations. With the
trees gone, no boats could be made to go fishing in, and with little
food to be had on land, only a small population could be supported: the
collapse involved an ecological catastrophe that made it permanent. And
it's only one more story (if an especially
dramatic one) of a civilization prospering and then growing to an
unsupportable population, then collapsing with huge loss of life.
The planet as a whole should take a lesson from this. In
the depression of the 1930s in the USA, many game animals became scarce
as the hungry hunted for food. Today Venezuelans have eaten their zoo
animals, pets, pigeons and flamingos. What tropical species there might
disappearing forever? Next Brazil appears to be collapsing, and some
other countries on that continent are in none too good shape. Human
populations everywhere are far higher than in the 1930s, and it may
only take an financial or economic catastrophy to cause many species
extinctions in the USA as well. Might there soon be no elk, no deer?
Other parts of the world are so heavily populated it will be worse.
Could Africa become devoid of many game animals? Could lions and
elephants be exterminated like sabertooths and mastodons? What about
fish and marine mammals? Extinctions will impoverish the planet for
And according to some disease watchers, there is an
alarming rise in avian influenzas among poultry occurring almost
worldwide, that have been crossing the species barrier and spreading to
people. With disease
organisms becoming antibiotic resistant and factors of overcrowding of
domestic and food animals as well as people, a global pandemic breaking
out in poultry or other domestic animals and spreading to the human
population may be only years away, and is likely within the next couple
decades. And crops have been having various
setbacks and failures owing to wild weather in recent years. An
epidemic will spread rapidly if people aren't eating well and their
resistance is down. It becomes increasingly likely that billions will
Is this what it will it take for the world to realize
a point where further population growth is unwise and will lead - has
led - to impoverished lives and reduced potentials of personal growth
for large numbers of individuals, and another where it is suicidal and
will lead to a collapse of civilization - this time a global one? When
will social sustainability around the core values of Life (Quality of
Growth, and Equality - applied in Compassion, Empathy, and Love) become
part of our everyday planning so we can have a lasting global society?
Having heard about a new cryptocurrency that was made to
better and even more secure than Bitcoin perhaps 4 years ago, I had
intended to check it out... but then I forgot its name and never
remembered it again. For some reason, recently it came quietly to
mind. Quark or quarkcoin has the advantages shown on
this 2013 info-poster
It was perhaps just as well I couldn't remember it,
because the value of Quark collapsed after its inception in 2013,
amid a deluge of new cryptocurrencies - mostly just minor variations on
bitcoin. But it does appear to be the
most advantageous one. In particular it has the shortest time to
confirm transfer of funds, ie, to verify payment has gone through - a
couple of minutes. This is a big advantage for local and in-store
purchases, where bitcoin is frustratingly slow, often 1/2 an hour or
more. It seems to me that the more people actually use bitcoin in
transactions, even on line, the more frustrated they will get with its
There are far more quarks than bitcoins, but
even so its price drop to 5 or more for a penny is downright
embarrassing. But if people start looking
around for something like bitcoin but faster, quark could make a
comeback. So I found an exchange still trading them, bleutrade.com,
signed up, put in .1
bitcoin, and bought 73,000 quarks. One can also mine quarks on one's
computer and expect to eventually get some, whereas it would take a
miracle to get any bitcoin by mining them on a machine not made
specifically for the job and burning hundreds of watts of power. I set
my quarkcoin wallet on "mine", and may perhaps get a couple of thousand
of them (3.68$) in two or three weeks. If getting a bitcoin is like
elephant, getting quark is like collecting ants.
The .1 bitcoin I spent was worth about 140$C at the time.
As of March 3rd one bitcoin has hit 1800$C. My first bitcoins were 67$C
each. If quark does nothing, my investment sits in
limbo and was wasted. But if it finally takes off it
could become a fortune. Even at a penny each it would be 700$! Hmm...
what am I writing, an investment newsletter? Quarkcoin is more like a
lottery at this point!
Small attempts at humor
* If deer have antlers, what do ants have?
* Political Spin... Pretty much the slanted reporting he usually
gets from the media outlets mentioned...
"Lunch with the prime minister"
President Trump invited the prime minister for lunch on
his mega yacht, the prime minister accepted and during lunch, a puff of
wind blew his hat off, right into the water.
It floated off about 50 feet, then the wind died down and
it just floated in place.
The crew and the secret service were scrambling to launch
a boat to go get it, when Trump waved them off, saying "Never mind,
boys, I'll get it."
The Donald climbed over the side of the yacht, walked on
the water to the hat, picked it up, walked back on the water, climbed
into the yacht, and handed the prime minister his hat.
The crew was speechless. The security team and the prime
minister's entourage were speechless.
No one knew what to say. However that afternoon, BBC, NBC,
CBS, ABC, MSNBC, CNN, NYT and WP reported: "TRUMP CAN'T SWIM!"
(Justin wearing a hat? Must have been some other PM!)
* Regulations Gone Amok
No bikes, no skateboards, no jogging, no dog
The fine print may explain it, but the picture
on the seaside walkway clearly says: No walking!
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Victoria BC Canada